The book of Romans is a theologically rich letter written by the apostle Paul. This powerful book contains in an unparalleled style the most comprehensive and profound explanation of the gospel of Jesus Christ in all of the New Testament. Throughout Church history the book of Romans has had a remarkable influence on individuals and churches. It was by reading this book that both Augustine and Luther were converted, and it is by means of this book that many more have come to know the gospel of Christ.

The theme of the books of Romans is the righteousness of God (1:16-17). Paul looks at how the righteousness of God exposes mankind’s (both Jew and Gentile) sinfulness and their need for righteousness (1:18-3:20). He then writes about how guilty sinners can receive the righteousness of God (3:21-5:21) and how this righteousness leads to a transformed life (6:1-8:39). The theme of God’s sovereignty in relation to righteousness and Israel is also discussed (9:1-11:36). Paul concludes with a section that considers what the righteousness of God looks like in Christian service (12:1-16:27).

Paul’s letter to the Romans provides every believer with a firm foundation in the doctrine of salvation. This foundation is essential if we are going to have peace with God (Rom. 5:1) and live a transformed life that God approves (Rom. 12:1).

There are a number of ways this letter can be outlined. A simple outline of the book could be as follows:

I. Righteousness and Sin (1:1-3:20)

II. Righteousness and Salvation (3:21-8:39)

III. Righteousness and Sovereignty (9:1-11:36)

IV. Righteousness and Service (12:1-16:27)